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ATO Australian tax treatment for options trades 🇦🇺

I am posting this as I hope it will help other Australian options traders trading in US options with their tax treatment for ATO (Australian Tax Office) purposes. The ATO provides very little guidance on tax treatment for options trading and I had to do a lot of digging to get to this point. I welcome any feedback on this post.

The Deloitte Report from 2011

My initial research led me to this comprehensive Deloitte report from 2011 which is hosted on the ASX website. I've been through this document about 20 times and although it's a great report to understand how different scenarios apply, it's still really hard to find out what's changed since 2011.
I am mainly relating myself to the scenario of being an individual and non-sole trader (no business set up) for my trading. I think this will apply to many others here too. According to that document, there isn't much guidance on what happens when you're an options premium seller and close positions before they expire.
Note that the ATO sometimes uses the term "ETO" (Exchange Traded Option) to discuss what we're talking about here with options trading.
Also note: The ATO discusses the separate Capital Gains Tax ("CGT") events that occur in each scenario in some of their documents. A CGT event will then determine what tax treatment gets applied if you don't know much about capital gains in Australia.

ATO Request for Advice

Since the Deloitte report didn't answer my questions, I eventually ended up contacting the ATO with a request for advice and tried to explain my scenario: I'm an Australian resident for tax purposes, I'm trading with tastyworks in $USD, I'm primarily a premium seller and I don't have it set up with any business/company/trust etc. In effect, I have a rough idea that I'm looking at capital gains tax but I wanted to fully understand how it worked.
Initially the ATO respondent didn't understand what I was talking about when I said that I was selling a position first and buying it to close. According to the laws, there is no example of this given anywhere because it is always assumed in ATO examples that you buy a position and sell it. Why? I have no idea.
I sent a follow up request with even more detail to the ATO. I think (hope) they understood what I meant now after explaining what an options premium seller is!

Currency Gains/Losses

First, I have to consider translating my $USD to Australian dollars. How do we treat that?
FX Translation
If the premium from selling the options contract is received in $USD, do I convert it to $AUD on that day it is received?
ATO response:
Subsection 960-50(6), Item 5 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997) states the amount should be translated at the time of the transaction or event for the purposes of the Capital Gains Tax provisions. For the purpose of granting an option to an entity, the time of the event is when you grant the option (subsection 104-20(2) ITAA 1997).
This is a very detailed response which even refers to the level of which section in the law it is coming from. I now know that I need to translate my trades from $USD to $AUD according to the RBA's translation rates for every single trade.
But what about gains or losses on translation?
There is one major rule that overrides FX gains and losses after digging deeper. The ATO has a "$250k balance election". This will probably apply to a lot of people trading in balances below $250k a lot of the FX rules don't apply. It states:
However, the $250,000 balance election broadly enables you to disregard certain foreign currency gains and losses on certain foreign currency denominated bank accounts and credit card accounts (called qualifying forex accounts) with balances below a specified limit.
Therefore, I'm all good disregarding FX gains and losses! I just need to ensure I translate my trades on the day they occurred. It's a bit of extra admin to do unfortunately, but it is what it is.

Credit Trades

This is the scenario where we SELL a position first, collect premium, and close the position by making an opposite BUY order. Selling a naked PUT, for example.
What happens when you open the position? ATO Response:
The option is grantedCGT event D2 happens when a taxpayer grants an option. The time of the event is when the option is granted. The capital gain or loss arising is the difference between the capital proceeds and the expenditure incurred to grant the option.
This seems straight forward. We collect premium and record a capital gain.
What happens when you close the position? ATO Response:
Closing out an optionThe establishment of an ETO contract is referred to as opening a position (ASX Explanatory Booklet 'Understanding Options Trading'). A person who writes (sells) a call or put option may close out their position by taking (buying) an identical call or put option in the same series. This is referred to as the close-out of an option or the closing-out of an opening position.
CGT event C2 happens when a taxpayer's ownership of an intangible CGT asset ends. Paragraph 104-25(1)(a) of the ITAA 1997 provides that ownership of an intangible CGT asset ends by cancellation, surrender, or release or similar means.
CGT event C2 therefore happens to a taxpayer when their position under an ETO is closed out where the close-out results in the cancellation, release or discharge of the ETO.
Under subsection 104-25(3) of the ITAA 1997 you make a capital gain from CGT event C2 if the capital proceeds from the ending are more than the assets cost base. You make a capital loss if those capital proceeds are less than the assets reduced cost base.
Both CGT events (being D2 upon granting the option and C2 upon adopting the close out position) must be accounted for if applicable to a situation.
My take on this is that the BUY position that cancels out your SELL position will most often simply realise a capital loss (the entire portion of your BUY position). In effect, it 'cancels out' your original premium sold, but it's not recorded that way, it's recorded as two separate CGT events - your capital gain from CGT event D2 (SELL position), then, your capital loss from CGT event C2 (BUY position) is also recorded. In effect, they net each other out, but you don't record them as a 'netted out' number - you record them separately.
From what I understand, if you were trading as a sole tradecompany then you would record them as a netted out capital gain or loss, because the trades would be classified as trading stock but not in our case here as an individual person trading options. The example I've written below should hopefully make that clearer.
EXAMPLE:
Trade on 1 July 2020: Open position
Trade on 15 July 2020: Close position
We can see from this simple example that even though you made a gain on those trades, you still have to record the transactions separately, as first a gain, then as a loss. Note that it is not just a matter of netting off the value of the net profit collected and converting the profit to $AUD because the exchange rate will be different on the date of the opening trade and on the date of the closing trade we have to record them separately.

What if you don't close the position and the options are exercised? ATO Response:
The option is granted and then the option is exercisedUnder subsection 104-40(5) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997) the capital gain or loss from the CGT event D2 is disregarded if the option is exercised. Subsection 134-1(1), item 1, of the ITAA 1997 refers to the consequences for the grantor of the exercise of the option.
Where the option binds the grantor to dispose of a CGT asset section 116-65 of the ITAA 1997 applies to the transaction.
Subsection 116-65(2) of the ITAA 1997 provides that the capital proceeds from the grant or disposal of the shares (CGT asset) include any payment received for granting the option. The disposal of the shares is a CGT event A1 which occurs under subsection 104-10(3) of the ITAA 1997 when the contract for disposal is entered into.
You would still make a capital gain at the happening of the CGT event D2 in the year the event occurs (the time the option is granted). That capital gain is disregarded when the option is exercised. Where the option is exercised in the subsequent tax year, the CGT event D2 gain is disregarded at that point. An amendment may be necessary to remove the gain previously included in taxable income for the year in which the CGT event D2 occurred.
This scenario is pretty unlikely - for me personally I never hold positions to expiration, but it is nice to know what happens with the tax treatment if it ultimately does come to that.

Debit Trades

What about the scenario when you want to BUY some options first, then SELL that position and close it later? Buying a CALL, for example. This case is what the ATO originally thought my request was about before I clarified with them. They stated:
When you buy an ETO, you acquire an asset (the ETO) for the amount paid for it (that is, the premium) plus any additional costs such as brokerage fees and the Australian Clearing House (ACH) fee. These costs together form the cost base of the ETO (section 109-5 of the ITAA 1997). On the close out of the position, you make a capital gain or loss equal to the difference between the cost base of the ETO and the amount received on its expiry or termination (subsection 104-25(3) of the ITAA 1997). The capital gain or loss is calculated on each parcel of options.
So it seems it is far easier to record debit trades for tax purposes. It is easier for the tax office to see that you open a position by buying it, and close it by selling it. And in that case you net off the total after selling it. This is very similar to a trading shares and the CGT treatment is in effect very similar (the main difference is that it is not coming under CGT event A1 because there is no asset to dispose of, like in a shares or property trade).

Other ATO Info (FYI)

The ATO also referred me to the following documents. They relate to some 'decisions' that they made from super funds but the same principles apply to individuals they said.
The ATO’s Interpretative Decision in relation to the tax treatment of premiums payable and receivable for exchange traded options can be found on the links below. Please note that the interpretative decisions below are in relation to self-managed superannuation funds but the same principles would apply in your situation [as an individual taxpayer, not as a super fund].
Premiums Receivable: ATO ID 2009/110

Some tips

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Former investment bank FX trader: news trading and second order thinking

Former investment bank FX trader: news trading and second order thinking
Thanks to everyone who responded to the previous pieces on risk management. We ended up with nearly 2,000 upvotes and I'm delighted so many of you found it useful.
This time we're going to focus on a new area: reacting to and trading around news and fundamental developments.
A lot of people get this totally wrong and the main reason is that they trade the news at face value, without considering what the market had already priced in. If you've ever seen what you consider to be "good" or "better than forecast" news come out and yet been confused as the pair did nothing or moved in the opposite direction to expected, read on...
We are going to do this in two parts.
Part I
  • Introduction
  • Why use an economic calendar
  • How to read the calendar
  • Knowing what's priced in
  • Surveys
  • Rates decisions
  • First order thinking vs second order thinking

Introduction

Knowing how to use and benefit from the economic calendar is key for all traders - not just news traders.
In this chapter we are going to take a practical look at how to use the economic calendar. We are also going to look at how to interpret news using second order thinking.
The key concept is learning what has already been ‘priced in’ by the market so we can estimate how the market price might react to the new information.

Why use an economic calendar

The economic calendar contains all the scheduled economic releases for that day and week. Even if you purely trade based on technical analysis, you still must know what is in store.

https://preview.redd.it/20xdiq6gq4k51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=6cd47186db1039be7df4d7ad6782de36da48f1db
Why? Three main reasons.
Firstly, releases can help provide direction. They create trends. For example if GBPUSD has been fluctuating aimlessly within a range and suddenly the Bank of England starts raising rates you better believe the British Pound will start to move. Big news events often start long-term trends which you can trade around.
Secondly, a lot of the volatility occurs around these events. This is because these events give the market new information. Prior to a big scheduled release like the US Non Farm Payrolls you might find no one wants to take a big position. After it is released the market may move violently and potentially not just in a single direction - often prices may overshoot and come back down. Even without a trend this volatility provides lots of trading opportunities for the day trader.

https://preview.redd.it/u17iwbhiq4k51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=98ea8ed154c9468cb62037668c38e7387f2435af
Finally, these releases can change trends. Going into a huge release because of a technical indicator makes little sense. Everything could reverse and stop you out in a moment. You need to be aware of which events are likely to influence the positions you have on so you can decide whether to keep the positions or flatten exposure before the binary event for which you have no edge.
Most traders will therefore ‘scan’ the calendar for the week ahead, noting what the big events are and when they will occur. Then you can focus on each day at a time.

Reading the economic calendar


Most calendars show events cut by trading day. Helpfully they adjust the time of each release to your own timezone. For example we can see that the Bank of Japan Interest Rate decision is happening at 4am local time for this particular London-based trader.

https://preview.redd.it/lmx0q9qoq4k51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=c6e9e1533b1ba236e51296de8db3be55dfa78ba1

Note that some events do not happen at a specific time. Think of a Central Banker’s speech for example - this can go on for an hour. It is not like an economic statistic that gets released at a precise time. Clicking the finger emoji will open up additional information on each event.

Event importance

How do you define importance? Well, some events are always unimportant. With the greatest of respect to Italian farmers, nobody cares about mundane releases like Italian farm productivity figures.
Other events always seem to be important. That means, markets consistently react to them and prices move. Interest rate decisions are an example of consistently high importance events.
So the Medium and High can be thought of as guides to how much each event typically affects markets. They are not perfect guides, however, as different events are more or less important depending on the circumstances.
For example, imagine the UK economy was undergoing a consumer-led recovery. The Central Bank has said it would raise interest rates (making GBPUSD move higher) if they feel the consumer is confident.
Consumer confidence data would suddenly become an extremely important event. At other times, when the Central Bank has not said it is focused on the consumer, this release might be near irrelevant.

Knowing what's priced in

Next to each piece of economic data you can normally see three figures. Actual, Forecast, and Previous.
  • Actual refers to the number as it is released.
  • Forecast refers to the consensus estimate from analysts.
  • Previous is what it was last time.
We are going to look at this in a bit more detail later but what you care about is when numbers are better or worse than expected. Whether a number is ‘good’ or ‘bad’ really does not matter much. Yes, really.

Once you understand that markets move based on the news vs expectations, you will be less confused by price action around events

This is a common misunderstanding. Say everyone is expecting ‘great’ economic data and it comes out as ‘good’. Does the price go up?
You might think it should. After all, the economic data was good. However, everyone expected it to be great and it was just … good. The great release was ‘priced in’ by the market already. Most likely the price will be disappointed and go down.
By priced in we simply mean that the market expected it and already bought or sold. The information was already in the price before the announcement.
Incidentally the official forecasts can be pretty stale and might not accurately capture what active traders in the market expect. See the following example.

An example of pricing in

For example, let’s say the market is focused on the number of Tesla deliveries. Analysts think it’ll be 100,000 this quarter. But Elon Musk tweets something that hints he’s really, really, really looking forward to the analyst call. Tesla’s price ticks higher after the tweet as traders put on positions, reflecting the sentiment that Tesla is likely to massively beat the 100,000. (This example is not a real one - it just serves to illustrate the concept.)

Tesla deliveries are up hugely vs last quarter ... but they are disappointing vs market expectations ... what do you think will happen to the stock?

On the day it turns out Tesla hit 101,000. A better than the officially forecasted result - sure - but only marginally. Way below what readers of Musk's twitter account might have thought. Disappointed traders may sell their longs and close out the positions. The stock might go down on ‘good’ results because the market had priced in something even better. (This example is not a real one - it just serves to illustrate the concept.)

Surveys

It can be a little hard to know what the market really expects. Often the published forecasts are stale and do not reflect what actual traders and investors are looking for.
One of the most effective ways is a simple survey of investors. Something like a Twitter poll like this one from CNBC is freely available and not a bad barometer.
CNBC, Bloomberg and other business TV stations often have polls on their Twitter accounts that let you know what others are expecting

Interest rates decisions

We know that interest rates heavily affect currency prices.
For major interest rate decisions there’s a great tool on the CME’s website that you can use.

See the link for a demo

This gives you a % probability of each interest rate level, implied by traded prices in the bond futures market. For example, in the case above the market thinks there’s a 20% chance the Fed will cut rates to 75-100bp.
Obviously this is far more accurate than analyst estimates because it uses actual bond prices where market participants are directly taking risk and placing bets. It basically looks at what interest rate traders are willing to lend at just before/after the date of the central bank meeting to imply the odds that the market ascribes to a change on that date.
Always try to estimate what the market has priced in. That way you have some context for whether the release really was better or worse than expected.

Second order thinking

You have to know what the market expects to try and guess how it’ll react. This is referred to by Howard Marks of Oaktree as second-level thinking. His explanation is so clear I am going to quote extensively.
It really is hard to improve on this clarity of thought:
First-level thinking is simplistic and superficial, and just about everyone can do it (a bad sign for anything involving an attempt at superiority). All the first-level thinker needs is an opinion about the future, as in “The outlook for the company is favorable, meaning the stock will go up.” Second-level thinking is deep, complex and convoluted.
Howard Marks
He explains first-level thinking:
The first-level thinker simply looks for the highest quality company, the best product, the fastest earnings growth or the lowest p/e ratio. He’s ignorant of the very existence of a second level at which to think, and of the need to pursue it.
Howard Marks
The above describes the guy who sees a 101,000 result and buys Tesla stock because - hey, this beat expectations. Marks goes on to describe second-level thinking:
The second-level thinker goes through a much more complex process when thinking about buying an asset. Is it good? Do others think it’s as good as I think it is? Is it really as good as I think it is? Is it as good as others think it is? Is it as good as others think others think it is? How will it change? How do others think it will change? How is it priced given: its current condition; how do I think its conditions will change; how others think it will change; and how others think others think it will change? And that’s just the beginning. No, this isn’t easy.
Howard Marks
In this version of events you are always thinking about the market’s response to Tesla results.
What do you think they’ll announce? What has the market priced in? Is Musk reliable? Are the people who bought because of his tweet likely to hold on if he disappoints or exit immediately? If it goes up at which price will they take profit? How big a number is now considered ‘wow’ by the market?
As Marks says: not easy. However, you need to start getting into the habit of thinking like this if you want to beat the market. You can make gameplans in advance for various scenarios.
Here are some examples from Marks to illustrate the difference between first order and second order thinking.

Some further examples
Trying to react fast to headlines is impossible in today’s market of ultra fast computers. You will never win on speed. Therefore you have to out-think the average participant.

Coming up in part II

Now that we have a basic understanding of concepts such as expectations and what the market has priced in, we can look at some interesting trading techniques and tools.
Part II
  • Preparing for quantitative and qualitative releases
  • Data surprise index
  • Using recent events to predict future reactions
  • Buy the rumour, sell the fact
  • The trimming position effect
  • Reversals
  • Some key FX releases
Hope you enjoyed this note. As always, please reply with any questions/feedback - it is fun to hear from you.
***
Disclaimer:This content is not investment advice and you should not place any reliance on it. The views expressed are the author's own and should not be attributed to any other person, including their employer.
submitted by getmrmarket to Forex [link] [comments]

Former investment bank FX trader: News trading and second order thinking part 2/2

Former investment bank FX trader: News trading and second order thinking part 2/2
Thanks for all the upvotes and comments on the previous pieces:
From the first half of the news trading note we learned some ways to estimate what is priced in by the market. We learned that we are trading any gap in market expectations rather than the result itself. A good result when the market expected a fantastic result is disappointing! We also looked at second order thinking. After all that, I hope the reaction of prices to events is starting to make more sense to you.

Before you understand the core concepts of pricing in and second order thinking, price reactions to events can seem mystifying at times
We'll add one thought-provoking quote. Keynes (that rare economist who also managed institutional money) offered this analogy. He compared selecting investments to a beauty contest in which newspaper readers would write in with their votes and win a prize if their votes most closely matched the six most popularly selected women across all readers:
It is not a case of choosing those (faces) which, to the best of one’s judgment, are really the prettiest, nor even those which average opinions genuinely thinks the prettiest. We have reached the third degree where we devote our intelligences to anticipating what average opinion expects the average opinion to be.
Trading is no different. You are trying to anticipate how other traders will react to news and how that will move prices. Perhaps you disagree with their reaction. Still, if you can anticipate what it will be you would be sensible to act upon it. Don't forget: meanwhile they are also trying to anticipate what you and everyone else will do.

Part II
  • Preparing for quantitative and qualitative releases
  • Data surprise index
  • Using recent events to predict future reactions
  • Buy the rumour, sell the fact
  • The trimming position effect
  • Reversals
  • Some key FX releases

Preparing for quantitative and qualitative releases

The majority of releases are quantitative. All that means is there’s some number. Like unemployment figures or GDP.
Historic results provide interesting context. We are looking below the Australian unemployment rate which is released monthly. If you plot it out a few years back you can spot a clear trend, which got massively reversed. Knowing this trend gives you additional information when the figure is released. In the same way prices can trend so do economic data.

A great resource that's totally free to use
This makes sense: if for example things are getting steadily better in the economy you’d expect to see unemployment steadily going down.
Knowing the trend and how much noise there is in the data gives you an informational edge over lazy traders.
For example, when we see the spike above 6% on the above you’d instantly know it was crazy and a huge trading opportunity since a) the fluctuations month on month are normally tiny and b) it is a huge reversal of the long-term trend.
Would all the other AUDUSD traders know and react proportionately? If not and yet they still trade, their laziness may be an opportunity for more informed traders to make some money.
Tradingeconomics.com offers really high quality analysis. You can see all the major indicators for each country. Clicking them brings up their history as well as an explanation of what they show.
For example, here’s German Consumer Confidence.

Helpful context
There are also qualitative events. Normally these are speeches by Central Bankers.
There are whole blogs dedicated to closely reading such texts and looking for subtle changes in direction or opinion on the economy. Stuff like how often does the phrase "in a good place" come up when the Chair of the Fed speaks. It is pretty dry stuff. Yet these are leading indicators of how each member may vote to set interest rates. Ed Yardeni is the go-to guy on central banks.

Data surprise index

The other thing you might look at is something investment banks produce for their customers. A data surprise index. I am not sure if these are available in retail land - there's no reason they shouldn't be but the economic calendars online are very basic.
You’ll remember we talked about data not being good or bad of itself but good or bad relative to what was expected. These indices measure this difference.
If results are consistently better than analysts expect then you’ll see a positive number. If they are consistently worse than analysts expect a negative number. You can see they tend to swing from positive to negative.

Mean reversion at its best! Data surprise indices measure how much better or worse data came in vs forecast
There are many theories for this but in general people consider that analysts herd around the consensus. They are scared to be outliers and look ‘wrong’ or ‘stupid’ so they instead place estimates close to the pack of their peers.
When economic conditions change they may therefore be slow to update. When they are wrong consistently - say too bearish - they eventually flip the other way and become too bullish.
These charts can be interesting to give you an idea of how the recent data releases have been versus market expectations. You may try to spot the turning points in macroeconomic data that drive long term currency prices and trends.

Using recent events to predict future reactions

The market reaction function is the most important thing on an economic calendar in many ways. It means: what will happen to the price if the data is better or worse than the market expects?
That seems easy to answer but it is not.
Consider the example of consumer confidence we had earlier.
  • Many times the market will shrug and ignore it.
  • But when the economic recovery is predicated on a strong consumer it may move markets a lot.
Or consider the S&P index of US stocks (Wall Street).
  • If you get good economic data that beats analyst estimates surely it should go up? Well, sometimes that is certainly the case.
  • But good economic data might result in the US Central Bank raising interest rates. Raising interest rates will generally make the stock market go down!
So better than expected data could make the S&P go up (“the economy is great”) or down (“the Fed is more likely to raise rates”). It depends. The market can interpret the same data totally differently at different times.
One clue is to look at what happened to the price of risk assets at the last event.
For example, let’s say we looked at unemployment and it came in a lot worse than forecast last month. What happened to the S&P back then?

2% drop last time on a 'worse than expected' number ... so it it is 'better than expected' best guess is we rally 2% higher
So this tells us that - at least for our most recent event - the S&P moved 2% lower on a far worse than expected number. This gives us some guidance as to what it might do next time and the direction. Bad number = lower S&P. For a huge surprise 2% is the size of move we’d expect.
Again - this is a real limitation of online calendars. They should show next to the historic results (expected/actual) the reaction of various instruments.

Buy the rumour, sell the fact

A final example of an unpredictable reaction relates to the old rule of ‘Buy the rumour, sell the fact.’ This captures the tendency for markets to anticipate events and then reverse when they occur.

Buy the rumour, sell the fact
In short: people take profit and close their positions when what they expected to happen is confirmed.
So we have to decide which driver is most important to the market at any point in time. You obviously cannot ask every participant. The best way to do it is to look at what happened recently. Look at the price action during recent releases and you will get a feel for how much the market moves and in which direction.

Trimming or taking off positions

One thing to note is that events sometimes give smart participants information about positioning. This is because many traders take off or reduce positions ahead of big news events for risk management purposes.
Imagine we see GBPUSD rises in the hour before GDP release. That probably indicates the market is short and has taken off / flattened its positions.

The price action before an event can tell you about speculative positioning
If GDP is merely in line with expectations those same people are likely to add back their positions. They avoided a potential banana skin. This is why sometimes the market moves on an event that seemingly was bang on consensus.
But you have learned something. The speculative market is short and may prove vulnerable to a squeeze.

Two kinds of reversals

Fairly often you’ll see the market move in one direction on a release then turn around and go the other way.
These are known as reversals. Traders will often ‘fade’ a move, meaning bet against it and expect it to reverse.

Logical reversals

Sometimes this happens when the data looks good at first glance but the details don’t support it.
For example, say the headline is very bullish on German manufacturing numbers but then a minute later it becomes clear the company who releases the data has changed methodology or believes the number is driven by a one-off event. Or maybe the headline number is positive but buried in the detail there is a very negative revision to previous numbers.
Fading the initial spike is one way to trade news. Try looking at what the price action is one minute after the event and thirty minutes afterwards on historic releases.

Crazy reversals


Some reversals don't make sense
Sometimes a reversal happens for seemingly no fundamental reason. Say you get clearly positive news that is better than anyone expects. There are no caveats to the positive number. Yet the price briefly spikes up and then falls hard. What on earth?
This is a pure supply and demand thing. Even on bullish news the market cannot sustain a rally. The market is telling you it wants to sell this asset. Try not to get in its way.

Some key releases

As we have already discussed, different releases are important at different times. However, we’ll look at some consistently important ones in this final section.

Interest rates decisions

These can sometimes be unscheduled. However, normally the decisions are announced monthly. The exact process varies for each central bank. Typically there’s a headline decision e.g. maintain 0.75% rate.
You may also see “minutes” of the meeting in which the decision was reached and a vote tally e.g. 7 for maintain, 2 for lower rates. These are always top-tier data releases and have capacity to move the currency a lot.
A hawkish central bank (higher rates) will tend to move a currency higher whilst a dovish central bank (lower rates) will tend to move a currency lower.
A central banker speaking is always a big event

Non farm payrolls

These are released once per month. This is another top-tier release that will move all USD pairs as well as equities.
There are three numbers:
  • The headline number of jobs created (bigger is better)
  • The unemployment rate (smaller is better)
  • Average hourly earnings (depends)
Bear in mind these headline numbers are often off by around 75,000. If a report comes in +/- 25,000 of the forecast, that is probably a non event.
In general a positive response should move the USD higher but check recent price action.
Other countries each have their own unemployment data releases but this is the single most important release.

Surveys

There are various types of surveys: consumer confidence; house price expectations; purchasing managers index etc.
Each one basically asks a group of people if they expect to make more purchases or activity in their area of expertise to rise. There are so many we won’t go into each one here.
A really useful tool is the tradingeconomics.com economic indicators for each country. You can see all the major indicators and an explanation of each plus the historic results.

GDP

Gross Domestic Product is another big release. It is a measure of how much a country’s economy is growing.
In general the market focuses more on ‘advance’ GDP forecasts more than ‘final’ numbers, which are often released at the same time.
This is because the final figures are accurate but by the time they come around the market has already seen all the inputs. The advance figure tends to be less accurate but incorporates new information that the market may not have known before the release.
In general a strong GDP number is good for the domestic currency.

Inflation

Countries tend to release measures of inflation (increase in prices) each month. These releases are important mainly because they may influence the future decisions of the central bank, when setting the interest rate.
See the FX fundamentals section for more details.

Industrial data

Things like factory orders or or inventory levels. These can provide a leading indicator of the strength of the economy.
These numbers can be extremely volatile. This is because a one-off large order can drive the numbers well outside usual levels.
Pay careful attention to previous releases so you have a sense of how noisy each release is and what kind of moves might be expected.

Comments

Often there is really good stuff in the comments/replies. Check out 'squitstoomuch' for some excellent observations on why some news sources are noisy but early (think: Twitter, ZeroHedge). The Softbank story is a good recent example: was in ZeroHedge a day before the FT but the market moved on the FT. Also an interesting comment on mistakes, which definitely happen on breaking news, and can cause massive reversals.

submitted by getmrmarket to Forex [link] [comments]

USD bears beat a retreat after FOMC minutes

Saxo Bank




submitted by Altruistic_Camel to econmonitor [link] [comments]

[Level 2] - FX Quoting Conventions

I saw a discrepancy when looking at FX quoting conventions.
In Schweser Notes it says this: https://imgur.com/a/IJ5FNFN +It is also the same way on the CFA L2 learning portal.
On Investopedia is says this: https://imgur.com/a/vDJ3KpW +During work training (Sales & Trading), I was also taught that this is the standard convention. +It is also like this on sites like Forex.com.
Which one is correct? For example, ABC/DEF, which one is the base currency ABC or DEF? Which one is the price currency?
Thanks.
submitted by PoopGhost to CFA [link] [comments]

Yen, Swiss franc benefit as dollar falls on U.S.-China conflict and economic fears

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 62%. (I'm a bot)
London - The dollar fell on Monday, after reaching its lowest since September 2018 overnight, as deteriorating U.S.-China relations and concerns about the U.S. economy saw investors look to the yen and Swiss franc as safe havens.
With domestic economic concerns trumping its role as a safe-haven currency, the dollar index fell overnight, steadied in the early hours of the morning, then continued its descent.
At 1058 GMT, the dollar index was at 93.777, down 0.6% on the day =USD. As COVID-19 infections show no signs of slowing in the U.S., investors are doubtful of a quick economic recovery.
With the dollar's role as safe haven in question, the Japanese yen and Swiss franc strengthened, suggesting that investors are seeking safety elsewhere.
Versus the dollar, the Swiss franc reached a five-year high of 0.9167 overnight CHF=EBS. The dollar lost 0.8% against the yen, which strengthened to a four-month high of 105.265 JPY=EBS. "Under a general dollar sell-off environment the yen is benefiting as a safe-haven currency," said Neil Jones, head of FX sales at Mizuho, adding that month-end flows were also playing a role.
"Markets are potentially looking for risk aversion currencies, and this seems to be a discretionary switch away from dollar into the yen and the Swiss franc," he said.
Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: dollar#1 yen#2 Swiss#3 franc#4 USD#5
Post found in /Economics.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]

Just got this overly obvious scam email...

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submitted by tech510 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

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submitted by GiuliettaShop to Popify [link] [comments]

I'm begging Reddit for help, real ACTUAL help. I'm dead in 10 hours. Let's see what Reddit(ers) can do.

As title says, I'm dead. This is a final notification from this reddit here: https://www.reddit.com/SuicideWatch/comments/f5sajn/suicide_is_not_selfish_depending_on_circumstance/ I deleted the original post so just get the context there. But to briefly summarize, I'm 26, US american studying abroad in Asia. It's easy to pay for college when the USD currency is stronger so that's that. My parents, my loving parents supported me for four years so I can graduate. I will not be graduating. Unknown to them, I've been keeping them as well as my wife and child in the dark. In the 2nd year of my course I failed miserably. I was contemplating suicide right then and there after I found out. Silly me of course thought that I could put if off, perhaps leverage my situation by making myself financially self-sufficient so I dabbed in the forex market for two years with great hopes. Failed. Technical analysis, fundamental analysis, price action, chart and candlestick patterns were worthless. I spent the last past weeks studying a special FX tool that could be considered a black-box but I no longer have time to confirm it. I'm out of time, more on that later. Tomorrow my parents find out if I graduate or not, obviously not.
So reddit title says it all as well as my previous post. Tonight I'm going to be drinking heavily, then put a bag over my head and that's that. Why I'm killing myself? Because I lied, I caused pain, misery. My parents fought tooth and nail, sent money to me through sweat and blood for me to graduate, get my diploma and start my life with my family but I failed them. They've complained more than once that times aren't getting easier, so me being alive doesn't change any of that. But that's not all. Two years dabbing in the most prestigious "profitable" market has failed me time and time again. Only now do I realize that the rabbit hole in the market goes much deeper than silly little charts. If I had more time, I'd be able to reap massive profits in such a short time span. To give you an idea, I took a $5k demo account and turned it into $27k in 6 days worth of trading. Not bad. I needed further study but it's no longer an option for me. I've costed my parents $40k and they lost 4 years of their life, their fragile life, time and money that they're never going to get back. So if I were you and you were reading this, I would refrain from posting anything along the lines of "Oh, it's okay. Tough love. Failure you is better than no you at all. Think about your daughter." Your comment will just get shrugged off like yesterday's news. I need real help redditors and I promise to pay you back even double what it is you spend but I need real help.
So I need a ticket back to the US and a job, one that at least pays min. $30k/yr and most likely a place to stay. If I can have that, all will be good. I'll be off my parent's budget so no more strain to them, I'll be able to take care of my family. It won't bring back those wasted 4 years, but at the least I'll be alive to do what a father must. Other option, I could "sell" this FX tool. This tool isn't downloadable anywhere on the internet anymore. I'm not the programmer but I made contact with the programmer and it's now receiving quotes via FIX api meaning no fake broker feeds, you're getting the real aggregate feed. There's three anomalies I've documented that pinpoints when and where a turning point in the market happens, only for the 28 major currency pairs. Last option, I die. Well, let's see what Reddit(ers) will say in the next 10 hours. This'll be interesting. And for all intents and purposes, if I don't reply back after the allotted 10 hours I'm obviously dead. I'll keep this post up as a reminder to ALL who ask for help on Reddit whether or not someone will or can help you. I'll be online until then. Post's up.

P.S. Why suicide of all things? Because it's for atonement. It may not be atonement in your eyes, in my parent's eyes, in my wife's eyes, in my daughter's eyes, but it's more than atonement for me, so that's all that matters.
submitted by forex_end_game to SuicideWatch [link] [comments]

Währungs-Hedge: Kosten für ETFs genau bestimmen

Angenommen ich habe einen Euro-Hedged ETF, der US-Anleihen hält. Der Hedge findet laut Index immer 1 Monat Forward statt. Wie kann ich die Kosten p.A. durch den Hedge gegen Euro möglichst präzise schätzen?
Wenn ich die FX Forward Rates anschauhe, muss ich die 1m Rate quasi 12x auf's Jahr abziehen oder sollte ich einfach die 12m Rate heranziehen?
Der Unterschied ist beachtlich: 12m Rate ergibt 2,54%, 12x die 1m Rate ergeben 3,16% p.A.
Wie muss man hier richtig vorgehen?
submitted by Reasonable_Goat to Finanzen [link] [comments]

What is the difference between the MT4 and MT5 forex trading platforms?

I actually struggled to understand and to forecast the signals in Forex. I Then identified a software program called Forex Profiter which helped me to determine the signals, so that I received more profit using Fx in a smart way. It's not a self-promotion, I cannot stop myself from detailing it's uses because of the profit I obtained from forex profiter. If you wish to learn more about MT5 indicators. Now I'll explain a better solution for your doubts
Metatrader 5 uses a programming language called MQL5 as opposed to the MQL4 used by Metatrader 4. The exciting thing about MQL5 is that it allows “black box” programming which, in a nutshell, means that it is easier to program and so will logically be a better framework for users and developers of trading robots and other expert advisors.
However, MetaQuotes expanded this capability into MQL4 in 2014, so it is not a difference between the platforms any more, although there is a likelihood that if the language is upgraded at some time in the future, MetaQuotes will not extend any upgrades into MQL4 as well as MQL5
It should be noted that there is no backwards compatibility. Programs written for Metatrader 4 cannot run on Metatrader 5. This can be a serious drawback for traders who were wishing to “upgrade”, and is a key reason why such a change shouldn’t be seen as an upgrade.
It is true that Metatrader 5 retains two key programming-related advantages over Metatrader 4. Firstly, its back testing functions where you can test programmed trading strategies execute at a much faster speed, which is a feature that can save you a lot of time if you are the kind of trader who needs to run a large number of back tests. It also allows simultaneous multi-currency pair back testing. Together this can speed up back testing procedures immeasurably.
submitted by Rohitpure to u/Rohitpure [link] [comments]

𝐃𝐨𝐧’𝐭 𝐋𝐞𝐭 𝐈𝐭 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐩 𝐘𝐨𝐮.

𝐃𝐨𝐧’𝐭 𝐋𝐞𝐭 𝐈𝐭 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐩 𝐘𝐨𝐮.

TopAsiaFX - 𝐂𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐫
𝐘𝐨𝐮 𝐋𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐧 𝐌𝐨𝐫𝐞 𝐅𝐫𝐨𝐦 𝐅𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐮𝐫𝐞 𝐓𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐅𝐫𝐨𝐦 𝐒𝐮𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐬𝐬.
...............................................𝐃𝐨𝐧’𝐭 𝐋𝐞𝐭 𝐈𝐭 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐩 𝐘𝐨𝐮.
𝐅𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐮𝐫𝐞 𝐁𝐮𝐢𝐥𝐝𝐬 𝐂𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐫..........................................😎
#quote #forex #failure #success #motivation #inspiration topasiafx.com
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Dollar surrenders to euro and yen as rate supremacy evaporates

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 64%. (I'm a bot)
SYDNEY/TOKYO - The dollar nursed savage losses against the yen and euro on Friday as a plunge in U.S. yields to record lows wiped out the currency's single greatest attraction for investors - higher interest rates.
The resulting collapse in Treasury yields - which fell another 10 basis points in Asia - has been the death of one of the most popular carry trades globally - borrowing at negative rates in the euro and yen to buy U.S. assets.
"Select USD pairs like EUUSD are turning because of a dramatic and decisive shift in U.S. rate expectations and related spreads," said Alan Ruskin, global head of G10 FX strategy at Deutsche Bank.
There were lots of other miserable milestones, with the dollar sinking to a six-month low on the yen at 105.83, having shed 1.2% overnight.
The Australian dollar lost 0.3% to fetch $0.6585, off this week's high of $0.6646 as its rebound from 11-year lows of $0.64345 hit a week ago lost steam.
The Canadian dollar traded at C$1.3412 per U.S. dollar, near a nine-month low of C$1.3465 set last Friday.
Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: dollar#1 U.S.#2 low#3 rate#4 yield#5
Post found in /Economics and /economy.
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Virus containment hopes support Asian currencies

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 69%. (I'm a bot)
Across mainland China there were 2,015 new confirmed infections as of Tuesday, the lowest daily rise since Jan. 30.
The Australian dollar, sensitive to China's fortunes because of Australia's commodity-driven export profile, firmed 0.3% to $0.6728 AUD=D3.
Oil prices, a barometer of global energy demand and so of growth, remain nearly a fifth lower than they were before the outbreak.
The currencies of oil exporters such as Canada and Norway have been hammered, with the krone NOK= shedding 5% this year and the loonie CAD=D3 hitting a four-month low on Monday.
"The main impact of coronavirus for Europe is growth," said Steve Englander, head of global G10 FX research at Standard Chartered.
"The euro area started the year with low growth and an ECB largely out of policy options...(a) bad scenario could see an extension of recent moves and EUUSD may head towards the $1.04/05 lows of the European debt crisis."
Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: low#1 growth#2 China#3 coronavirus#4 hit#5
Post found in /worldnews and /NotClickBaitNews.
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“Liquidity is the new leverage”: - 13D Research

fintech #trading #algotrading #quantitative #quant #hft #forex #fx #crypto #gbpusd

“Liquidity is the new leverage”: The above quote comparing liquidity to leverage comes from Goldman Sachs’ head of Global Credit Strategy, Charles Himmelberg. Historically, leverage “is the tinder that turns a financial fire into an inferno,” as The Financial Times put it recently. However, since February’s flash crash, Himmelberg has again and again sounded the alarm that the algorithmic transformation of markets means liquidity, not leverage, should be the preeminent, catalytic concern as quantitative tightening progresses and volatility returns. “I routinely field questions from clients asking where the risks are building up, and this is the one I worry about,” he told The FT earlier this month. “Financial markets have changed pretty dramatically since the crisis.”
In these pages, we have sought to understand the implications of the algorithmic and passive revolution, one of the most profound changes to the global financial system in history. And we keep coming back to liquidity.....
Continue reading at: https://latest.13d.com/liquidity-new-leverage-regulation-algorithmic-investing-qt-bond-equity-markets-7b7f97c57cc5
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List of 5 Best Forex Trading Robots

List of 5 Best Forex Trading Robots
On a popular forex robot review resource from a large group of traders from around the world, an experienced team of real professionals introduced to the traders a collection of five robots that are the best and provide users with the widest functionality for easy Forex trading. Robots need a remote server (computer) that operates around the clock and has a permanent Internet connection. It should be borne in mind that not all consultants are profitable. There are many restrictions on their work; most novice traders do not want to invest in the purchase of consultants.

https://preview.redd.it/45x66xhkxpc41.png?width=933&format=png&auto=webp&s=dfdfc206b57ce675e828fea684e7a6cf17f29cb9
Our specialists have compiled a list of 5 Expert Advisors that give traders the highest opportunities to find the best robots that are available to work on Forex, a list of 5 best Expert Advisors that the most experienced traders use and receive solid financial resources.
The list of 5 robots, to facilitate the work of traders in the Forex market has been drawn up for a long time, during all this period the principles of functioning of the ten most versatile, optimal robots for comfortable trading on Forex were carefully studied, and here our experienced specialists made and showed the traders a list of 5 the most popular, most effective, functional robots –
  • RoFX,
  • inControl Reborn
  • Forex Fury
  • Rob Booker Robots
  • FXAdept EA, Which are presented on our site.
All 5 robots are considered to be the most functional and popular among traders all over the world. On our site you can find detailed information about these software complexes, which also have reviews from leading companies and traders that are available for your analysis and which contain thousands of exciting user reviews.
Our list includes the top 5 best Forex Trading Advisors, which are the most optimal automated programs that save the trader from serious inconvenience: the need to constantly monitor the trading process, stay on hold and observe the dynamics of currency quotes. It must be said that the use of commercial robots significantly reduces the nervous load on the trader and significantly reduces the number of errors.
The main advantage of sales consultants is that they have a well-defined algorithm that works well. You can define your own ideas by using an algorithm that is further implemented in practical currency trading. Commercial transactions used in the foreign exchange market can be automatic or semi-automatic. It is not difficult to guess that in the first case, the operation goes into automatic mode, which prevents the trader from interfering with the reconciliation process and relies on a previously written algorithm.
However, this does not absolve you of the obligation to set the robot into operating mode as a financial instrument. In addition, the Forex trading robot must be updated periodically to adapt to changing market conditions. When it comes to semi-automatic consultants, they are more helpful to the trader as the final decision is still up to him. However, a commercial robot does the basic job for humans: it performs mathematical calculations, analyzes the market, and provides recommendations at the right time to enter and exit the trading floor.
Imagine you do not have Internet access. At this point, an automated consultant can successfully act for you. All you have to do is give clear instructions and start trading. You can view the work of an expert assistant on a demo account Forex online without risking your own money, and get detailed information on the effectiveness of the consultant.
In our list, you can choose among the auto trading consultants the most efficient system that fully meets all your requirements and expectations. It should be noted that mathematical systems use calculations and conduct various trading operations in ways that do not take into account the dynamics of currency price changes. These experts include equalization systems. Technical systems include algorithms that work with charts, metrics, and technical analysis that are required to conduct trading operations effectively. Combined advisers, in turn, do not exclude mathematical probabilities and depend on technical analysis.
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TopAsiaFX Quote Of The Day

TopAsiaFX Quote Of The Day submitted by ronykhanfx to TopAsiaFX [link] [comments]

How to Start Forex Trading?

Introduction:

Forex trading is a system in which forex traders do the transference of currencies among them on an agreed-upon price. It is also a frequently used method as people who travel abroad exchange their currencies. This technique is used by banks, companies, people, etc. Forex signals as said are very important tools for forex trading i.e. exchange of currencies and there are different types of forex systems and the results vary in those systems. Every forex signal perform differently and is exceptional in their own way.

Starting Forex Trading:

First what you have to do is open an account on a reliable Forex Trading service, after making an account contact with signal providers, maybe they’ll contact with you themselves and they’ll provide you with necessary details, after that you have to deposit some amount of money in order to start trading with some amount of deposit that they’ve selected as minimum amount of fund you must deposit. After that, you can start trading and you can gain experience if that what you get from it.
Forex signal tools are established on the basis of automatic computer exploration of the market. There are few benefits of this type of system one of the major advantage is that it reduces the negative human psychological effects because negative psychology most likely increases the chances of errors and failures. So we can say that the forex signal is a very important tool for forex trading and purchasing it is needed as a free forex signal is not trusted and it is very important to purchase a trusted tool. It is also recommended to buy these forex trading signal services until a person has a lot of experience and gain enough confidence in trading as insecurity can lead to failure.
The foreign trading market has a working mechanism through monetary establishments and functions on numerous ranks. On the other hand, banks go to lesser money-making firms which are also known as traders or traders, who are tangled in big extents of FX trading. Utmost foreign exchange traders are the banks. Trades which include FX traders can also be very big, including billions of dollars. For the cause of the authority subject when concerning two currencies, Forex has little controlling unit regulating its activities.
If you are looking for the easiest forex pair as a beginner then it is EUUSD pair. EUUSD is one of the highest traded forex pairs around the globe. The euro, in this case, is base currency while the US dollar is the quote currency meaning that how many dollars you will need in order to purchase one euro. This currency pair is less volatile than other pairs as both of these currencies are backed by the world’s two greatest economies. So if you’re a beginner then this pair is the best for you and it might be for the next few years.

Conclusion:

So to conclude forex trading is something that everyone can start with not much of an investment but it is safe to assume that it comes with great risk and to be a successful dealer you need a great amount of experience and skills and better analytics on the market trends.
submitted by Andrew-Mark to u/Andrew-Mark [link] [comments]

In swaps we trust? Disappearing dollars drive currency trading dependence - Reuters

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 83%. (I'm a bot)
LONDON - As dollars dry up, global finance is growing increasingly dependent on opaque currency trading to keep cash flowing.
Swaps users had a scare in September, when the U.S. Federal Reserve had to pump cash into markets as rates in the $2.2 trillion U.S. "Repo" market spiked and spilled into FX swap markets, sending the premium to borrow dollars shooting higher.
Reflecting the increased reliance on currency markets to borrow dollars, FX swap volumes have grown to represent 49% of total currency trading, from 42% in 2013, Bank for International Settlements figures from August show.
OFF-BALANCE SHEET. Unlike regular 'spot' currency transactions, swaps involve two parties swapping one currency for another.
Many central bankers say bank borrowing and funding via swaps, which are typically used for hedging, day-to-day liquidity management or even speculation, is driving the increase in FX swaps as they are "Off-balance sheet".
The central bank official said stress tests implied some banks use swaps for more than 10% of their funding, while the BIS says dollars are on one side of 90% of all currency trades.
Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: swap#1 dollar#2 bank#3 market#4 borrow#5
Post found in /Economics.
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Mitrade Launches Proprietary CFD Trading Platform for Global Investors

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 48%. (I'm a bot)
MELBOURNE, May 6, 2019 - - Mitrade Global Pty Ltd, an innovative Melbourne-based online CFD trading broker, has launched its proprietary trading platform for global investors, both seasoned and amateur, to trade nearly 100 different markets of contract-for-difference products - including forex, indices, commodities and the trending cryptocurrencies.
As the foreign exchange market caps at an average of $5.1 trillion a day, according to the Bank for International Settlements triennial report in 2016, mobile trading continues to gain momentum among investors as a bridge for tactical global asset allocation.
"Mitrade is engineered to simplify trading," said Laura Lin, the Chief Executive Officer at Mitrade Global, "We understand traders' need for a clear and easy-to-operate trading platform instead of boasting powerful functions but having an ambiguous interface. This is especially true when it comes to CFD trading."
Mitrade features an intuitive one-stop account management for users to perform deposits and withdrawals, make an easy switch from demo to live account, and enjoy an overall seamless trading experience under a highly secured environment regulated by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission.
About MitradeMitrade Global Pty Ltd, an innovative Melbourne-based online CFD trading broker, operates under regulations of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission.
Making FX and CFDs trading simple, MiTRADE provides a proprietary trading platform with nearly 100 products and assets including FX, commodities, indices and cryptocurrencies best suited to investors' needs from around the world.
Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: trade#1 Mitrade#2 platform#3 Global#4 CFD#5
Post found in /economy, /ethtrader, /CryptoTradingFloor, /Economics, /BasicIncome, /CryptoCurrencies, /CryptoCurrency, /CryptoCurrencyTrading, /Crypto_Currency_News and /CryptoMarkets.
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IQ Option is looking for Introducing Brokers

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Forex Quotes Explained - YouTube How to trade forex (fx) WHAT IS A FOREX QUOTE? - SIMPLIFIED AND EXPLAINED FX Reciprocal and Cross Quotes (Bid offer prices) Understanding Forex Quotes Investopedia Videos

All FX traders starting out should learn how to read forex quotes. Our guide covers the basics of reading currency pairs and what a quote tells traders Free U.S. dollar forex quotes forex bank dollar rates free real time foreign exchange quotes foreign exchange rates fx quotes fx rates currency quotes currency rates forex quotes forex quotes currency charts u.s. euro Forex Majors Quote List example with most traded live streaming currency exchange rates. Beside rates from the forex market the application can be used for displaying any type of financial instrument. [Read more about Quotelist features] Quotes tagged as "forex-trading" Showing 1-30 of 37 “Trading doesn't just reveal your character, it also builds it if you stay in the game long enough.” ― Yvan Byeajee, Paradigm Shift: How to cultivate equanimity in the face of market uncertainty. tags ... In forex trading, currencies are always quoted in pairs – that’s because you’re trading one country’s currency for another. The first currency listed is the base currency; The value of the base currency is always 1 ; The Bid and the Ask. Just like other markets, forex quotes consist of two sides, the bid and the ask: Helpful hint FOREX.com offers forex & metals trading with award winning trading platforms, tight spreads, quality executions, powerful trading tools & 24-hour live support Realtime Foreign Exchange (FOREX) Price Charts and Quotes for Futures, Commodities, Stocks, Equities, Foreign Exchange - INO.com Markets Real-time streaming forex quotes on over 2000 currency pairs, as well as the U.S. dollar index and FX Futures. This section also contains periodic performance tables for major currency pairs and a ... Forex Quotes from TradingCharts. Symbol Bid Ask High Low Open Change Time; Major US Dollar Euro British Pound Swiss Franc Japanese Yen Canadian Australian Favorites Manage Fav. ECONOMIC CALENDAR. Wed., Nov 11. BRL: 07:00 AM: Retail Sales (Y-o-Y) BRL: 07:00 AM: Retail Sales (M-o-M) USD: 10:30 AM: EIA Crude Oil Inventory (Barrels) USD: 01:00 PM: EIA Crude Oil Price: JPY: 06:50 PM: PPI (M-o-M) ... FX.co ★ Forex quotes in real time. Overview of currencies, stocks, indices, commodities. Quotes & Charts. Any specialist should have a range of tools necessary for positive results. Exchange rates and charts are such tools for traders. Monitoring exchange rates, investors evaluate the current market situation, make forecasts and decide when to buy or sell assets. The Quotes section provides ...

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Forex Quotes Explained - YouTube

Explains the calculation of the FX Reciprocal/inverted quotes (bid and offer prices)-e.g., GBP/USD to USD/GBP, and the calculation of the FX Cross rates quot... How To Pay Off Your Mortgage Fast Using Velocity Banking How To Pay Off Your Mortgage In 5-7 Years - Duration: 41:34. Think Wealthy with Mike Adams 833,325 views Ready to start trading the Forex market? Click this link to see a live trading session: https://goo.gl/MmEasr. If you want to learn more about Forex quotes, ... 4 Types of Indicators that FX Traders Must Know - Duration: 1:53. Investopedia 6,219 views. 1:53 . FOREX trading basics: A fun & easy format for ALL to understand! Part 1 of 2 - Duration: 14:41 ... Learn how to trade currency pairs in the forex (fx) market. Understand the terms "base currency" and "quote currency".

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